Alex
Lesson 23 - Some notes regarding nouns cases

For determining noun case use both Auxilary word and the corresponding Question. Once you get used to this technique you will appreciate it usefulness in difficult situations.

 

Handy tool for determining case.

 

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Case

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Auxilary word

</td> <td style="width: 2.05in; border: solid black 1.0pt; border-left: none; mso-border-left-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Question

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 2.05in; border: solid black 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Nominative

</td> <td style="width: 2.05in; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid black 1.0pt; border-right: solid black 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Это

</td> <td style="width: 2.05in; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid black 1.0pt; border-right: solid black 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Кто? Что?

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 2.05in; border: solid black 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Genitive

</td> <td style="width: 2.05in; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid black 1.0pt; border-right: solid black 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Нет

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Кого? Чего?

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 2.05in; border: solid black 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Dative

</td> <td style="width: 2.05in; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid black 1.0pt; border-right: solid black 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Дать

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Кому? Чему?

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 2.05in; border: solid black 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Accusative

</td> <td style="width: 2.05in; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid black 1.0pt; border-right: solid black 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Вижу

</td> <td style="width: 2.05in; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid black 1.0pt; border-right: solid black 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Кого? Что?

</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="width: 2.05in; border: solid black 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Instrumental

</td> <td style="width: 2.05in; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid black 1.0pt; border-right: solid black 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Горжусь

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Кем? Чем?

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Prepositional

</td> <td style="width: 2.05in; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid black 1.0pt; border-right: solid black 1.0pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;" valign="top" width="148">

Думаю

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О ком? О чём?

</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

<em> </em>

Do not confuse!

·      Questions Где? Куда? Откуда? do not help you to figure out the case.

·      Prepositions По and К point to Dative case.

·      Prepositions В, На with questions Кого? Чего? (Genitive Case) are not used. These prepositions can be used with questions Кого? Что? (Accusative Case) or в Чём? в Ком? на Чём? на Ком? (Prepositional Case)

·      If in doubt of belonging question Кого? to Genitive or Accusative Case, substitute the noun with the magic word Мама, and see the ending of the word: Мамы - Genitive; Маму - Accusative.

 

May 18, 2012 12:52 AM
Alex
Language Skills
English, Russian, Ukrainian
Learning Language