Youssef ELHIRAR
La première partie, (les alphabets Aarabes)

 

Salut à tous,

 

Espérant que vous allez bien, et bienvenue encore dans ce groupe pour discuter sur toute chose qui nous aideront à comprendre le Coran et bien apprendre l’arabe par ce livre sacré.
Quand j’ai dit souvent, le Tajweed c’est une méthode pour faciliter la lecture du Coran et ces règles vous aideraient à bien réciter et sentir le Coran meilleur que de le lire normalement.

 

Avant de commencer, et pour vous éclairer, il faut savoir qu’il y différente lecture entoure du monde arabe, c’est pourquoi je vais vous enseigner seulement « riwaayah » car elles sont les plus fameuses. Aussi, vous trouverez quelques différents mots au niveau de la prononciation, mais ils restent au même sens, car auparavant, le Coran était écrit sans des points sur les mots, c’est pourquoi les scientifiques arabes ont essayé de faire les points, citons ces deux exemples :

يَكْذِبُونَ    يُكَذِّبُونَ

 

فَتَبَيَّنوا      فتثبتوا

Au début et dans cette leçon, on commencera à connaître la prononciation des alphabets, pour noter la sortie de chaque lettre arabe, il faut le stopper, autrement c’est comme vous voulez réciter les lettres françaises en ajoutant « e » mais on Arabe, c'est plus courtes et puissantes.

 

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أ  ئ ء ؤ

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a ----- we noticed like 2

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ب

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b

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ت

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t

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ث

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th

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ج

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j

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ح

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H----- we noticed like 7

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خ

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kh --- we noticed like  7’

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د

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d

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ذ

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dh

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ر

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r

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ز

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z

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س

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s

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ش

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sh

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ص

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S

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ض

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D

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ط

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Th

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ظ

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Dh

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ع

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‘a------ we notice like 3

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غ

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gh ----- or 3’

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ف

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f

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ق

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q

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ل

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l

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م

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m

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ن

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n

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ه

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h

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و

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w

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ك

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k

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ي

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y

</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

 

 Maintenant passant une autre chose très importantes aussi, comme vous savez dans la langue arabe, on considère toutes les lettres comme des consonnes, « et bah où sont-ils les voyelles ? » Oui, c’est une bonne question à se poser ; on a bien sûres les voyelles, mais pourtant, ils ne sont pas des lettres dans telles en français ou en anglais, mais ils sont des signes.
Voir ce tableau :

 

<table class="MsoTableGrid" style="width: 429pt; border-collapse: collapse;" width="572" border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr style="height: 16.8pt;"> <td style="width: 47.95pt; border: 1pt solid black; padding: 0cm 5.4pt; height: 16.8pt;" valign="top" width="64">

َ

</td> <td style="width: 127.55pt; border-width: 1pt 1pt 1pt medium; border-style: solid solid solid none; border-color: black black black -moz-use-text-color; -moz-border-top-colors: none; -moz-border-right-colors: none; -moz-border-bottom-colors: none; -moz-border-left-colors: none; -moz-border-image: none; padding: 0cm 5.4pt; height: 16.8pt;" valign="top" width="170">

a

</td> <td style="width: 146.3pt; border-width: 1pt 1pt 1pt medium; border-style: solid solid solid none; border-color: black black black -moz-use-text-color; -moz-border-top-colors: none; -moz-border-right-colors: none; -moz-border-bottom-colors: none; -moz-border-left-colors: none; -moz-border-image: none; padding: 0cm 5.4pt; height: 16.8pt;" valign="top" width="195">

كَ     ka

</td> <td style="width: 107.2pt; border-width: 1pt 1pt 1pt medium; border-style: solid solid solid none; border-color: black black black -moz-use-text-color; -moz-border-top-colors: none; -moz-border-right-colors: none; -moz-border-bottom-colors: none; -moz-border-left-colors: none; -moz-border-image: none; padding: 0cm 5.4pt; height: 16.8pt;" valign="top" width="143">

كَتَبَ  kataba

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ً

</td> <td style="width: 127.55pt; border-width: medium 1pt 1pt medium; border-style: none solid solid none; border-color: -moz-use-text-color black black -moz-use-text-color; padding: 0cm 5.4pt; height: 16.8pt;" valign="top" width="170">

an / aa.

</td> <td style="width: 146.3pt; border-width: medium 1pt 1pt medium; border-style: none solid solid none; border-color: -moz-use-text-color black black -moz-use-text-color; padding: 0cm 5.4pt; height: 16.8pt;" valign="top" width="195">

ماً    man

</td> <td style="width: 107.2pt; border-width: medium 1pt 1pt medium; border-style: none solid solid none; border-color: -moz-use-text-color black black -moz-use-text-color; padding: 0cm 5.4pt; height: 16.8pt;" valign="top" width="143">

قَرَأَ  qara2a

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ُ

</td> <td style="width: 127.55pt; border-width: medium 1pt 1pt medium; border-style: none solid solid none; border-color: -moz-use-text-color black black -moz-use-text-color; padding: 0cm 5.4pt; height: 16.8pt;" valign="top" width="170">

u

</td> <td style="width: 146.3pt; border-width: medium 1pt 1pt medium; border-style: none solid solid none; border-color: -moz-use-text-color black black -moz-use-text-color; padding: 0cm 5.4pt; height: 16.8pt;" valign="top" width="195">

قُ    qu

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قُرِأَ  quri2a

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ٌ

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un / uu.

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بٌ   bun

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كِتَابٌ  kitaabun

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ْ

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نْ    n’

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مَكْتَبّ maktabun

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ّ

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Double consonne

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رَّ    rr

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أًقَرَّ 2aqarra

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ِ

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i

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زِ    zi

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ثَرِيٌّ thariyyun

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ٍ

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in / ii.

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شٍ   shin

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مَاضٍ maaDin

</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

 

 *Ce qui concerne les voyelles doubles signifient qu’il faut prolonger ta voix : كتاب----- kitaabun

 

Vous pouvez voir cette vidéo pour pratiquer ta prononciation, ou bien vous pouvez pratiquer avec une personne native pour vous corriger.

 

La prochaine fois, on va découvrir les règles qu’on va apprendre.<img title="Smile" src="http://www.italki.com/Scripts/tinymce/jscripts/tiny_mce/plugins/emotions/img/smiley-smile.gif" alt="Smile" border="0" />

Si vous avez des questions vous pouvez me contacter ou bien questionner une personne qui peut vous donner des infos sur ça

 

 

 

May 31, 2012 11:14 AM
Youssef ELHIRAR
Language Skills
Arabic, Arabic (Maghrebi), Arabic (Modern Standard), Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Japanese, Spanish
Learning Language
Chinese (Mandarin), Japanese, Spanish