Alex
Lesson 35 - Russian Spelling Rules

Russian Spelling Rules

Here are the so-called Russian spelling rules. They are just used to make pronunciation of a word clean when soft consonants might make this difficult. Generally, you will notice that the consonants these rules apply to are the consonants that don't exist in English.

Spelling Rule 1: Ы - И

Never write the letter "Ы" after the letters 'Г, К, Х, Ж, Ч, Ш, Щ' instead use "И"

Spelling Rule 2: unstressed O - E

Never write an unstressed "O" after the letters 'Ж, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ц' instead use "E"

Spelling Rule 3: Я - А

Never write the letter "Я" after the letters 'Г, К, Х, Ж, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ц' instead use "А"

Spelling Rule 4: Ю - У

Never write the letter "Ю" after the letters 'Г, К, Х, Ж, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ц' instead use "У"

Consonant Mutation

There are times when the last consonants of words are changed when the word's ending is changed. Again this is to make them easier to pronounce. When consonant mutation occurs here are the consonant that change.

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п – пл

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б – бл

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ф – фл

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в – вл

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м – мл

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т – ч

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к – ч

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д – ж

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з – ж

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г – ж

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с – ш

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х – ш

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ст – щ

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ск - щ

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</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>

 


Remember that the spelling rules may apply to the vowels that follow.

You will often see consonant mutation take place when conjugating verbs (will learn later). In particular the 1st person singular, but there are also other times it is used.

Here are a couple of examples:

Видеть - Вижу (see)

Любить - Люблю (love)

Сказать - Скажу (say)

Jun 1, 2012 2:40 AM
Alex
Language Skills
English, Russian, Ukrainian
Learning Language