Alex
Lesson 36 - Noun Irregularities

Noun Irregularities

1. The Genitive II.There is a small group of nouns, mostly referring to food, which uses the suffix -y for the Genitive Singular. Not all nouns referring to food take this Genitive II ending, so you will have to memorize those that do.

The Genitive II (-y)

Nom. Singular

Genitive

Gloss

сахар

сахар-у

sugar

рис

рис-у

rice

табак

табак-у

tobacco

сыр

сыр-у

cheese

чай

ча-ю

tea

шоколад

шоколад-у

chocolate

2. The Prepositional II. The second Prepositional case is marked by an (always) accented ending -y. However, this ending is not used with all the prepositions requiring the Prepositional case but only with the prepositions на and в. It is not used with the preposition o or any other preposition governing the Prepositional case. So one would say “я видел его в саду” (I saw him in the garden) but “мы говорили о саде” (we talked about the garden).

Prepositional II (accented -y)

Nom. Singular

Prep II

Gloss

пол

на полу

on the floor

сад

в саду

in the garden

лес

в лесу

in the woods

угол

на/в углу

on/in the corner

мост

на мосту

on the bridge

Дон

на Дону

on the Don

Крым

в Крыму

in the Crimea

край

на краю

on the edge

ряд

на ряду

in a line

год

в прошлом году

last year

порт

в порту

in port

Jun 1, 2012 8:31 PM
Alex
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