Alex
Lesson 61 - The General Nature of the Russian Verb.

The General Nature of the Russian Verb

 

The <a href="http://www.alphadictionary.com/rusgrammar/note01.html">Russian verb</a> is always composed of two parts:

1.    A stem

2.   Aconjugational ending.

 

Two basic types of stems and two types of endings determine the present-future form.

Neither stems nor endings occur alone, but always in conjunction with one another.

<a name="stem">The two</a> major types of verb stems are <a href="http://www.alphadictionary.com/rusgrammar/note02.html">Consonant Stems and Vowel Stems.</a>

 

Consonant Stems are those verb stems that end on a consonant. There are two significant types:

1.    “wimpy” consonant stems

2.    “tough” consonant stems.

 

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Wimpy consonant stems end on в н м or й.

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<a href="http://www.alphadictionary.com/rusgrammar/note02a.html">жив-</a> "live"
стан- "become, begin"
плыв- "swim, float, sail"
делай- "do, make"

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Tough consonant stems may end on any other consonant.

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ид- "go"
мог- "can, may"
нёс- "carry (on foot)"
грёб- "row"

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Vowel Stems are those verb stems which end on a vowel. There are two significant types of these: front-vowel and back-vowel stems.

 

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Front-vowel stems end on either и or е.

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смотре- "watch, look"
виде- "see"
говори- "talk, tell"
купи- "buy"

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Back-vowel stems end on а, у, or о.

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жда- "wait-for"
писа- "write"
верну- "return"
коло- "stick, impale"

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Jun 28, 2012 1:39 AM
Alex
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