Can somebody explain in a few words why here is used the past participle instead past tense?
"A Scotman who was driving home one night ran into a car DRIVEN by an Englishman"
And: I heard few times similar sentences like:
"Studd, a well known painter, used to live here." (why not simple ", lived here"
"Its no use asking him, he doesnt know anything above politics" (why not: Its not necessary asking him, ...)
Is ", used to live here" a well-known expression? "used" supposed a little strange-looking for my ears.
Thanks for help
Thanks for the helpful replies. It answers my question.
it is "driven" because it is a passive expression. The full sentence would be, "A Scotsman who was driving home one night ran into a car, which WAS DRIVEN by an Englishman".
The *passive voice* requires the past participle
used to live here - you're right. It could also be, "lived here". the words "used to" are a fixed phrase and the meaning is not the same as "to use".
Also "use", as a noun (it's no use asking him) is a third meaning. It means something like, "it is no benefit", or "it doesn't matter". You can think of all three words, "it's no use", as a fixed phrase.
WARNING: this phrase does NOT work in the positive. No one says, "it's use..."
Ithink he used past participle because the action was driving take along time
I can't answer your question for WHY but I can tell you that yes, "used to" is a very common expression. You can say, "I used to play soccer," or "She used to belong to a club." It could be said that it's a replacement for the word "did". "It's no use" is also a common phrase.