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Unclear sentences...

Can somebody explain in a few words why here is used the past participle instead past tense?


"A Scotman who was driving home one night ran into a car DRIVEN by an Englishman"


And: I heard few times similar sentences like:

"Studd, a well known painter, used to live here." (why not simple ", lived here"

"Its no use asking him, he doesnt know anything above politics" (why not: Its not necessary asking him, ...)


Is ", used to live here" a well-known expression? "used" supposed a little strange-looking for my ears.


Thanks for help










Aug 6, 2012 11:37 PM
Comments · 4

Thanks for the helpful replies. It answers my question. Laughing

August 12, 2012

it is "driven" because it is a passive expression.  The full sentence would be, "A Scotsman who was driving home one night ran into a car, which WAS DRIVEN by an Englishman".

The *passive voice* requires the past participle 

used to live here - you're right.  It could also be, "lived here".  the words "used to" are a fixed phrase and the meaning is not the same as "to use".  


Also "use", as a noun (it's no use asking him) is a third meaning.  It means something like, "it is no benefit", or "it doesn't matter".  You can think of all three words, "it's no use", as a fixed phrase.  

WARNING: this phrase does NOT work in the positive.  No one says, "it's use..."

August 9, 2012

Ithink he used past participle because the action was driving take along time

August 7, 2012

I can't answer your question for WHY but I can tell you that yes, "used to" is a very common expression. You can say, "I used to play soccer," or "She used to belong to a club." It could be said that it's a replacement for the word "did". "It's no use" is also a common phrase.

August 7, 2012
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