here are some Arabic words translated into English,
“Sh” is like She in English.
“Gh” is like French R in Mardi.
“Kh” is like J , Julio in Spanish.
- No --> Lla
- Yes --> Iyyeh, ah, wah
- Shame on you! --> Hshuma aalik! / or just Hshuma!
- Please! --> A’afak!
- Thanks! --> Shokran!
- Thanks a lot! --> Shokran bzzaf!
- Welcome / you are welcome! --> Mrehba / Mrehba Bik!
- Bye / goodbye! --> B’slama!
- Okay! --> Wakha!
- Now! --> Daba!
- Not now! --> Mashi daba!
- Or… --> Oula…
- And… --> W… or Ou...
- Where? --> Fin?
- How? --> Kifash?
- A lot. --> Bzzaf.
- A little. --> Shwiya.
- Not me / It wasn’t me! --> Mashi ana!
- I don’t want! --> Mabghit’sh!
- I am done / I finished. --> Salit / or Kmelt.
- It’s your turn! --> Noubtek!
- Where is the W.C? --> Fin Kayna Twalit?/ or Fin Bit Lma?/ or Fin l WC?
- No, not yet. --> lla Mazal / lla Baqi.
- What did you say? --> Shnu glti?
- Slowly please. --> B’shwya a’afak.
- Repeat please. (to a man, to a woman) --> A’awed a’afak / A’awdi a’afak.
- I don’t speak Arabic. --> Ma kanhdersh laarbia.
- I don’t understand! / I did not understand! --> Ma kanfhemsh! / Mafhemtsh!
- Do you understand me? / did you understand me? --> Wash katfhemni? / Fhamtini?
- I don’t know. --> Ma areftsh.
- I forgot. --> Nssit.
- I have to go. --> Khassni Nemshi.
* Introduction Phrases:
Below are basic phrases to introduce oneself in Darija (Moroccan Arabic). These phrases are useful to break the ice, and get to know more about the new people u meet.
- Hello, hi (peace) --> Salam /or/ Assalamo Alaykom (Peace be upon you).
- Hello (as a reply) --> Salam /or/ Wa aalaykom Salam (And peace be upon you (too)).
- Good morning! --> Sbah Lkhir!
- Good afternoon / evening! --> Msa’lkhir!
- Nice to meet you! --> Metsherfin!
- How are you (masc, fem.)? --> Kif dayr? / Kif dayra?
- Are you fine? --> Labas?
- Good, thanks be to God. --> Labas /or/ Bikhir, l-нamdullah.
- Everything is fine! --> Kulshi bikhir!
- What’s your name? --> Ashno Smiytek?
- My name is… --> Smiyti…
- How old are you? --> Sh’hal f aamrek?
- I am … years old. --> A’andi…Aam.
- Are you married? (masc, fem) --> Mjewwej? / Mjewwja?
- Yes, I am married. (masc, fem) --> Ah, ana mjewwej. / Ah, ana mjewwja.
- No, I am not married. (masc, fem) --> Lla, ana ma mjewwejsh / Lla, ana ma mjewwejash.
- Where are you from (masc, fem.)? --> Mnin nta? / Mnin nti?
- I am from xxx --> Ana mn xxx.
- I am from Morocco. --> Ana mn l-mghrib.
- I am Moroccan. (masc, fem) --> Ana mghribi / mghribya.
- Are you ... (masc, fem)? --> Wash nta/ Wash nti ...?
- And you? (masc, fem) --> W nta /W nti?
* Offering Help / Asking for Favors:
- Can I help you? --> Wash na’awnek?
- Can you help me, Please? --> Momkin t3awnni, A’afak?
- Excuse me. (to a man, to a woman) --> Smeh Lia / Smehi lia.
- Give me ... please. --> A’atini…A’afak.
* Transportation Expressions:
- I want to go to ... --> Bghit nmshi l…
- Take me to ... please. --> Ddini l…A’afak.
- Stop here, please. --> Wqef hna, A’afak.
- Is the meter on? --> Wash l’kuntur khddam?
- Turn on the meter, please. --> Khddem l’kuntur a’afak.
- Where is the train station? --> Fin kaina la gare?
- Where is the bus station? --> Fin kaina l’mahtta d’lkiran?
- Where is the city bus stop? --> Fin kaina l’mahtta d’tubissat?
- Stop here, please! --> Wqef hna, A'afak!
* Responses to Problems/Difficulties/Apologies:
- It’s not a problem. --> Mashi mushkil.
- There is no problem. --> Makayn mushkil.
- Excuse me (masc, fem)--> Smeh Lia / Smehi Lia
- Congratulations. --> Mebruk.
- Happy holiday. --> mebruk l’Aaid.
- May God grant you grace. (response to the above) --> Allah ybarek fik.
* Expressions for Nighttime / Sleeping:
- I’m tired. (masc, fem) --> Ana a’ayan./ Ana a’ayana.
- I want to read a little bit. --> Bghit nqra shwyia.
- I want to go to bed. --> Bghit na’aes.
- Where I am going to sleep? --> Fin ghadi na’aes ?
- Excuse me; I want to go to bed. (addressing a group of people) --> Smhu li, bghit nmshi na’aes.
- I want to go to bed early. --> Bghit na’aes bkri.
- I want to get up early. --> Bghit nfiq bkri.
- I want a blanket. --> Bghit wahd l manta.
- Good night --> Layla sa’aida.
* Meals and Drinks:
- In the name of God (said when you begin an activity: eating, drinking, working, studying, traveling, etc.). --> bismillah
- Thanks to God (said after finishing a meal, or after expressing that all is well in life). --> l-нamdullah
- I don’t eat ... meat --> Makan’akulsh…L’hem.
- Eggs --> L’bid.
- Fish --> L’нut.
- Chicken --> D’djaj.
- I drink tea / coffee without sugar. --> Kan’shreb atay/ l’qhwa bla skkar.
- I eat everything. --> Kan’akul kulshi.
- I eat vegetables only. --> Kan’akul ghir l’khudra.
- I don’t feel like eating. --> Mafya ma’yakul.
- I want just/only ... --> Bghit ghir…
- I don’t want to have breakfast. --> Ma’bghitsh n’fter.
- The food is delicious. --> Lmakla bnina.
- I’m full. --> Shba’at.
- I want to learn how to cook. --> Bghit nta’allem ntiyyeb.
- May God replenish / reward you. (said after a meal to thank host) --> Allah ykhlf.
- To your health (said to someone after eating, drinking, coming out of the hammam, wearing new clothes, having a hair cut, etc.) --> B’ssehha / Bssehhtek.
- May God grant you health too. --> Allah Iaatik ssehha
Moroccan people use different names for the currency; same money but different names and numbers; Ryal, Frank and Dirham:
* From Ryals to Dirhams, divide by 20, e.g. 1000 Ryals: 1000 ÷ 20 = 50 DHs = 5000 Franks.
* From Franks to Ryal, divide by 5, e.g. 2000 Franks ÷ 5 = 400 Ryals = 20 DHs.
* From Franks to Dirhams, divide by 100. For example, 200 Franks ÷ 100 = 2 DHs = 40 Ryals.
- How much is this? --> Bsh’hal hadi?
- it is very expensive! --> Ghali bzzaf!
- give me the change back. --> Red lya serf.
- I don’t have any money! --> Ma andish leflouss!
- Do you have change? Wash A’andk serf?
- Do you have change for ...? --> Wash A’andk serf dyal..?
- I want… --> Bghit…
- Beautiful (masc, Fem). --> Zwin / Zwina.
- Bad, ugly. --> Khayb.
- Big (masc, fem). --> Kbir / kbira.
- Small (masc, fem). --> Sghir / Sghira.
- Good! --> Mezyan!
- Here, take. --> Hak / or Shed.
- Give me… --> A’atini…
* Hygiene/Cleanliness Expressions:
- I want to wash my hands with soap. --> Bghit nghsel yiddi b sabun.
- I want to brush my teeth. --> Bghit nghsel snani.
- I want hot water, please. --> Bghit l’ma skhun aafak.
- I want to take a shower. --> Bghit nduesh.
- I want to go to the hammam. --> Bghit nmshi l hemmam.
- I want to change my clothes. --> Bghit nbedel hwayji.
- Where is the toilet? --> Fin bit l’ma?
- I want to do laundry. --> Bghit nsbben hwayji.
- Where can I do laundry? --> Fin ymkn nsbben hwayji?
i really wish that those words will be useful enough to make your learning easier and much enjoyable.
greetings from the land of peace
peace & hugs