Tagalog sentence construction exercise

Here’s an exercise in sentence construction for those who are learning Tagalog/Filipino.  This may also add new words to your vocabulary.  The aim is to form sentences defining familial relationships.  You will be given the term for the family member and the person (first, second, third, singular, or plural) of the speaker of the Tagalog sentence you will formulate.  You will also be given the nouns to use to define the relationships, but you should figure out the appropriate pronouns to use to form the sentences.  Start each Tagalog sentence with “Ang” followed by the familial term to be defined.

You may ONLY USE THESE NOUNS to define the relationships -  babae; lalaki; ama/tatay; nanay/ina; asawa; anak; kapatid.


Elder brother (kuya); 1<sup>st</sup> person singular => Ang kuya ko ay ang kapatid kong lalaki na matanda sa akin.  (First person singular is indicated by the use of “ko”, “kong”, and “akin” pronouns.)

Grandmother (lola); 3<sup>rd</sup> person plural => (possible answers) Ang lola nila ay ang ina ng kanilang  ama./Ang lola nila ay ang nanay ng kanilang ina.  (Third person plural is indicated by “nila” and “kanilang”.)

Now, see how many of these you can define correctly:

<ol> <li>Aunt (tiya); 1<sup>st</sup> person singular</li> <li>Uncle (tiyo); 2<sup>nd</sup> person singular</li> <li>Cousin (pinsan); 3<sup>rd</sup> person singular</li> <li>Brother-in-law (bayaw); 1<sup>st</sup> person plural</li> <li>Sister-in-law (hipag); 2<sup>nd</sup> person plural</li> <li>Father-in-law (biyenan na/biyenang- lalaki); 1<sup>st</sup> person singular*</li> <li>Mother-in-law (biyenan na/biyenang- babae); 3<sup>rd</sup> person plural*</li> <li>Daughter-in-law (manugang na babae);3<sup>rd</sup> person singular*</li> <li>Son-in-law (manugang na lalaki); 2nd person singular*</li> <li>Grandfather (lolo); 1<sup>st</sup> person plural</li> </ol>


Your use of the pronouns in the items with asterisk (*) may have an effect on the way you word the given relation term.


In order not to make the sentences complicated, do not use “mga” in any of them.


You may want to post your answers here so that any of us (Tagalog-speakers) can correct/comment on your answers.  


Have fun!


Jun 20, 2014 2:20 AM
Comments · 11

Maraming salamat Henry.

I'm already happy I can understand most of what you are saying!  

That is already a result!

Kaibigans! careful, I will know when you talk about me!!  haha!

August 29, 2014

Ben, I tried to search for resources on the web, but ended up getting info on books that need to be purchased.  I'll just try to make another one and maybe post it later.


Salamat din, Ben.  Hindi naman ako magaling na teacher. Matiyaga lang siguro talaga akong sumagot sa mga tanong.  Natutuwa lang kasi ako na may mga gustong matuto ng wika naming mga Pilipino.  


August 29, 2014

Ang bayaw namin ay ang asawang aming batang kapatid na babae


August 23, 2014

Hi Henry! Ito po ang mga sentences ko:


-Ang tita ko at ang kapatid na babae ng nanay ko.

-Ang tito mo ay ang asawa ng tita mo.

-Ang pinsan niya ay ang anak ng kanyang tita.

-Ang bayaw namin ay ang asawa ng ate namin.

-Ang hipag kayo ay ang asawa ng kuya kayo.

-Ang biyenang-lalaki ko ay ang tatay ng asawa ko.

-I got really confused and stuck with this one so I skipped it! :(

-Ang manugang na babae niya ay ang asawa ng kanyang anak.

-Ang manugang na lalaki mo ay ang asawa ng anak mong babae.

-Ang lolo ko ay ang tatay ng tatay ko!


Maraming salamat sa itong exercise at sa mga corrections mo :) ang saya!

August 23, 2014

Ang manugang na babae ay ang asawa ng aking anak na lalaki. Maganda siya!

August 13, 2014
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