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Sylvie
how to spell "anti"

dear all, i'm just starting to learn Arabic.
could someone please help me how to spell the word "anti"?
actually it's just the first little thing on top of alif I don't know.. how is it called?
many thanks!

Jan 4, 2015 10:03 PM
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Comments · 10

Anti is written أَنتِ
the thing on top is called a hamza هَمزَة
It sounds like a glottal stop
See for example the alef in these words (without a hamza):
نَار read: naar, meaning fire
بَاب read: baab, meaning door

and these 2 words where alef has a hamza
أَسَد read: Asad, meaning lion
فَأَر read: fa-ar, meaning mouse

Hamza can also be on top of waaw or yaa
بِئر read: be-ar meaning a well
وَائِل read: waa-el
مُؤمِن read: mo-amen
Check this link for the reading of all these words:

http://vocaroo.com/i/s03nEqF0rOpk

January 9, 2015

There is hamzah between alif and fatha,in the Arabic alphabet. However, alif was used to express both a glottal stop and a long vowel /aː/. To indicate that a glottal stop, and not a mere vowel, was intended, hamza was added diacritically to alif. In modern orthography, under certain circumstances, hamza may also appear on the line, as if it were a full letter, independent of an alif. 

January 5, 2015

Hi Sylvie,

 

The little character on top of alif is called hamza ( ء ) and looks a bit like a mirror image of the number 2.  When you see a word like "you" ( أنت  ) you are not really pronouncing the alif but, rather, the hamza. The alif (the straight vertical line character) acts as a "chair" or a "seat" for the hamza to "sit on", as Arabic does not allow it to be free-standing at the beginning of a word. You will also find it, for example, in the middle of a word, like the word for a question ( سؤال  ). The hamza here means that there is a glottal stop (think of a short break) in the middle of the word so that it's almost like pronouncing two words, but with a slight pause. Without this pause then, in English, it would sound something like "suearl": think of the girl's name Sue, followed by the letters "arl" pronounced immediately after, so that its spoken as one word. But the hamza forces a very short break, so that it's more like sue-arl. You can compare this to the way some English speakers pronounce the word "bottle" as "bot-ul" or even "bo-ul". Hope this helps! 

January 6, 2015

ya their is 3 different sound for alef using fatha "َ " , kasra "ِ "and dama "ُ ". we use fatha on the "alef" for saing "anti" أَنتِ .

January 6, 2015

anti = ضد

عكس

January 5, 2015
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Sylvie
Language Skills
English, French, German, Italian, Russian, Spanish
Learning Language
Spanish