Could you correct me please? Which one is the correct sentence?
- I live in North Italy;
- I live in northern Italy.
Thank you so much in advance!
That was what I thought as well. It's only capitalized if it's a proper noun.
You can say 'I live in northern Italy' or 'I live in the north of Italy'.
Neither 'north' nor 'northern' needs to be capitalised here, because these words are not part of the name. You capitalise North Korea and South Africa because these are the official names of these countries.
Technically, they could use 'nothern England'/'north of England' not as the name of region, but rather as description/direction. That is, to denote different meaning: northernmost counties.
I could do this trick in Russian.
@ Paul - I think we're both right. I think it just depends on what meaning the author wants to convey. If I was writing an article and wanted to refer to "the North of England" i.e. the region, I would capitalise it. However, if i wanted to refer more generally to the geographical area I wouldn't capitalise it.
E.g The North of England has a population of 5,000,000 people. (the region/random number)
E.g. There are more factories in the north of England than in the south. (geographical area)
That's what I think, I could be wrong though.
KP as you can see from the comments even native speakers are having trouble the correct way to write this so don't worry about it :)