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why modern science and technology occured in Europe

why modern science and technology occured in Europe,in instead of China , India or Arab. The later ones have more earlier development in science and technology.

2015年2月7日 15:12
Comments · 5

  There were two underlying influences,  which  overwhelmingly permeated European culture and drove Technologcial exploration in the end.


#1   Greek Logic


#2  The Faith of the Hebrews


I think because of God. They always try to find a way to look for God. So those ways become stepping stone. I heard European was barbarian at that time but they accept those ideas, They become a fine believer instead to develop it. On the other hand, Those who think they more close god they mistranslate god's meaning by themselves. So European find something mystery in it that we can not see by eyes.  


  The great center of culture   in  Europe from the 1st to 4th Centuries was in  Italy,  in the context of the Roman Empire.   After Rom collapsed, the center of that culture was transferred to Constantinople.

By the 7th Century, the great centers of learning were not in Europe, but in the centers of Muslim Scholarship.. (Baghdad etc.)


    From about the 10th Century on,    France was becoming the great European Power.

Subsequently,   by  the means of the Spanish explorations of the Americas,  Spain   became the great power, but so much a center of great learning. It  eventually declined.   England began to flourish as a center of learning and technological advancements  from about  1650   1700 on the European Continent.

Afterward, the spread of the Democratic Ideas in the Americas and Europe  saw technology spread worldwide, but primarily in Europe and the Americas.


  All of learning and education was centered in Europe in the system of monastaries established by the Catholic Church (see Rule of Saint Benedict).  St. Benedict of Nursia (c.480–547) established several monastaries in Europe, but also wrote a "Rule" based upon prayer,  work and discipline  which set the pattern for later Eurpean development.  Thereafter, the system of monastaries as the repository of learning and knowledge continued for a thousand years, until about the 1500's  when the printing press

was developed.  After that,  the monastaries became the first "universities".


   Prior to that however,  the monks were borrowing from  the introduction   of the translated works of the Greek Philosophers  on the subject of Logic, the Syllogism and so forth.  Also, the concept of 0,  and the introduction of Algebra  in works by the Arab scholar  Al-Khwarizma were transforming European mathematics.


 Futhermore,  some of the great philosophical arguments were offered in the Greek Writings, but of course, the Muslim  philosophers had greatly advanced some of these to the point that they were used   for much of the flowering of the High Scholastics of the Catholic Church. in the 12th and 13th Centuries in Europe.


The "modern age" doesn't really begin until the 1400s. However, the Europeans built upon the pre-existing knowledge base of Africa, China, India and the Middle East. What prevented Africa, China, India, and the Middle Eastern cultures from ushering in modernity was their isolationism from other cultures, internicine warfare, and European imperialism.

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