why modern science and technology occured in Europe,in instead of China , India or Arab. The later ones have more earlier development in science and technology.
There were two underlying influences, which overwhelmingly permeated European culture and drove Technologcial exploration in the end.
#1 Greek Logic
#2 The Faith of the Hebrews
I think because of God. They always try to find a way to look for God. So those ways become stepping stone. I heard European was barbarian at that time but they accept those ideas, They become a fine believer instead to develop it. On the other hand, Those who think they more close god they mistranslate god's meaning by themselves. So European find something mystery in it that we can not see by eyes.
The great center of culture in Europe from the 1st to 4th Centuries was in Italy, in the context of the Roman Empire. After Rom collapsed, the center of that culture was transferred to Constantinople.
By the 7th Century, the great centers of learning were not in Europe, but in the centers of Muslim Scholarship.. (Baghdad etc.)
From about the 10th Century on, France was becoming the great European Power.
Subsequently, by the means of the Spanish explorations of the Americas, Spain became the great power, but so much a center of great learning. It eventually declined. England began to flourish as a center of learning and technological advancements from about 1650 1700 on the European Continent.
Afterward, the spread of the Democratic Ideas in the Americas and Europe saw technology spread worldwide, but primarily in Europe and the Americas.
All of learning and education was centered in Europe in the system of monastaries established by the Catholic Church (see Rule of Saint Benedict). St. Benedict of Nursia (c.480–547) established several monastaries in Europe, but also wrote a "Rule" based upon prayer, work and discipline which set the pattern for later Eurpean development. Thereafter, the system of monastaries as the repository of learning and knowledge continued for a thousand years, until about the 1500's when the printing press
was developed. After that, the monastaries became the first "universities".
Prior to that however, the monks were borrowing from the introduction of the translated works of the Greek Philosophers on the subject of Logic, the Syllogism and so forth. Also, the concept of 0, and the introduction of Algebra in works by the Arab scholar Al-Khwarizma were transforming European mathematics.
Futhermore, some of the great philosophical arguments were offered in the Greek Writings, but of course, the Muslim philosophers had greatly advanced some of these to the point that they were used for much of the flowering of the High Scholastics of the Catholic Church. in the 12th and 13th Centuries in Europe.
The "modern age" doesn't really begin until the 1400s. However, the Europeans built upon the pre-existing knowledge base of Africa, China, India and the Middle East. What prevented Africa, China, India, and the Middle Eastern cultures from ushering in modernity was their isolationism from other cultures, internicine warfare, and European imperialism.