I would recommand putting every word you learn in one or two sentences. Then you have a connection that leads you to the meaning of the word. So you do not only learn the one word and the one translation in your native tongue, but you also read the concomitant sentence. In that way your brain has a 'path' through which it awakes those neurons Anastasia is talking about. It really works for me atleast.
There is no easy way to remember things, unfortunately. Your neurons take time to create so-called 'paths'. So use any technics that work for you. My choice is flashcards. The thing is you should always revise and revise and revise.
One thing that I use and that is "mnemonic", It's method kind of pattern of letters that help in remembering. To know more about it, search it on Google.
I would recommend utilizing the vocabluries in a form of stories to be easily be remembred
sorry I am bad in spelling cuz i used to rellay on auto correction :(