What exactly is the 仄声?
I am currently studying the linguistic characteristics of Xiang dialects and I came across a strange term 仄声, has anyone ever heard of this term?
Dec 3, 2007 4:07 AM
Answers · 2
Actually, In Mandarin, tones 1 and 2 are 平声; they are 阴平 and 阳平, respectively, and represent a split in the older, single 平声.
Tones 3 and 4 are 仄声; they are 上声 and 去声, respectively. The 入声 (the entering tone) no longer exists in modern Mandarin; it is distributed among the other tones. This fact, and the split in the 平声, means that the 平仄 rules for poetry behave differently in modern and classical contexts.
December 3, 2007
Yes. AFAIK if a tone is not a 平聲, then it is a 仄聲 (including 上聲, 去聲, and 入聲). For example, in Mandarin tone 1 is 平聲, tones 2, 3 and 4 are 仄聲. In Cantonese, tones 1 and 4 are 平聲, tones 2, 3 and 5 to 9 are 仄聲.