The spanish alphabet has all the english letters through A to Z, but it has some differences:
- The Ñ character, located between N and O, and it's pronounced like a fast "ni" sound. For example, "Añadir" (to add).
- The H is a mute character. It doesn't make a sound, save for CH, where the sound is similar to the english CH. For example, "Hacha" (axe)
- The Y has two sounds, one like the english Y, but stronger. For example, "Baya" (berry). The other one it's lke the I. For example, "Hay" (conjutation of verb "Haber", to be)
- The LL has a similar sound to the first Y (english sound). For example, "Llama" (flame)
- The R has two versions: soft and strong. The strong one is used when a word starts or ends with R, or there is an R before or after a consonante. For example, "Ronronear" (to purr). The soft one is used when there is an R in mid sentence between two vowels. For example, "Ira" (rage). Also, there are some consonant combinations that make the R a soft sound, like FR, BR and some others. If you want to give a strong sound between two vowels, you have to use RR. For example: "Ahorrar" (to save)
- The B and V in some spanish speaking places have different pronunciations. In others (like here, in Chile) the sound is "B" for both. For example: "Vaya" (conjugation of verb "Ir", to go) vs. Baya (as said above, berry).
Hope it helps