So Min
Markers T.T I just can't understand Korean markers and it is getting really frustrating!! :@ Can someone have a go at fully explaining them with examples please or if you know any really useful websites or videos because it is getting really annoying I just fail at using them T.T If you are native korean was it hard for you to learn how to do markers? THANKS XD
Feb 15, 2012 4:46 PM
Answers · 2
The best way of understanding the markers is probably to see how they're used in the context. Native Korean speakers don't learn them, they just hear and see how they're used in the context. Some examples: Joe : 나 숙제 안 했어. I didn't do my homework. Jane : 난 했어. *I* did it. Joe didn't do his homework but Jane did. In this case, you can take the topic marker(the final "ㄴ") as a *subtle* "but". If someone always uses 난(or 나는), it could sound a bit arrogant or self-centered because they're saying "But I do(or did) the opposite." or "But I am(or was) the opposite". Say your friend is going to talk about something and you're going to say something *opposite* to his(or her) comment, you can use the topic marker, for example: Friend: 나 수학 싫다... I dislike math. You : 난 수학 좋아. *I* like math. You could take the 난 as "In my case". About the marker 이/가, it's an *identifier*. It identifies WHO or WHAT initiated the action(or equivalent) represented by the verb. Mom : 누가 컵 깨뜨렸어?! Who broke the cup?! Son : 제가 깨뜨렸어요. I broke it. (It's I who broke it) Mom : 우와, 이 그림 봐! Wow, see this painting! Son : 제가 그렸어요! I painted it! (It's I who painted it.) Kid 1 : 쟤가 나 때렸어! He(or she) hit me! Kid 2 : 쟤가 먼저 때렸어! He(or she) first hit me! I'm getting annoyed by English's lack in impersonal pronouns, so I'll stop here. Hope this helps.
February 16, 2012
이/가' is used as subject marker , hence indicating the syntactic role (e.g. whether the noun is a subject, an object, indirect object etc.) of the noun preceding it as the subject  . eg. 이것이 연필이에요=This (subject) is a pencil  whereas '-은/는' is topic marker, which function is not to indicate syntactic roles of the noun but rather marking the noun as the topic of conversation/statement, emphasizing the singularity of the noun.  eg. 이것은 연필이에요.=IT’S a pencil (emphasis on 이것)  이것이 (연필)이에요. This is A PENCIL. (이것)은 연필이에요. THIS is a pencil. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 한국말이 (재미있어요). Korean is INTERESTING. (한국말)은 재미있어요. KOREAN is interesting.
February 15, 2012
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