Why do we use "se" in this sentence? In the following sentence: "A mí se me olvidan las palabras." Why do we use "se" here? What grammar could be referred to here? Shall we just say "Me olvido las palabras."? Thanks guys!Thanks for your answers Cristina & Juan! I'm still a little confused about the use of 'se'. For example, 'Desde aquí se ve el mar.' Why should we use 'se ve' here? Is it a passive sentence?
Sep 25, 2012 1:41 PM
Answers · 8
Yes, you could say: "Me olvido de las palabras/ Olvido las palabras", but you would be transforming a passive sentence into an active one. Pay attention to the fact that in the first sentence the subject is "las palabras", while in the second one, the subject is "YO". So, the first sentence is in passive voice, the passive subject is "palabras" and "se" is in this case a passive particle, the sentence being equivalent to: "Las palabras son olvidadas por mi". So: Las palabras son olvidadas --- las palabras se olvidan --- se me olvidan las palabras ("me" gives information about the active subject) ---"A MI se ME olvidan las palabras" (this duplication is common in spanish sentences, to put the stress on the active subject).
September 25, 2012
There are two different verbs: "olvidarse" (reflexive) and "olvidar". "Olvidar" is always transitive and the subject is the person who forgets. Example: Yo olvido las palabras. "Olvidarse" is intransitive and the subject can be either the person who forgets (in that case the expression to be used is "olvidarse de algo") or the forgotten thing (then an indirect complement is required). Example: Me he olvidado (yo, subject, verb 1st person singular) de las palabras. / Las palabras (subject) se me (Indirect) olvidan (verb 3rd person plural -> palabras). Hope this will help you. If you still have doubts, please, do not hesitate to ask me again. Best regards, Cristina
September 25, 2012
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