please if we can tell me when we utilize present perfect and present perfect continuous if u can
Sep 30, 2012 4:35 PM
Answers · 3
Present perfect = "I have visited Spain twice in my life." Present perfect continuous = "I have been visiting Spain this week" In the present perfect, it shows a time period that started in the past and continues up until now. In the continuous, it shows something that started in the past and is still happening at this moment.
September 30, 2012
Present Perfect Simple. I/you/we/they have worked He/she/it has worked Have I/you/we/they worked? Has he/she/it worked? I/you/we/they have not worked He/she/it has not worked. USES 1) when we are talking about recent results of past actions. Ex. It has shaken up company structures just as much as external markets, says Vanessa Houlder. 2) announcing news. (The use of the Pr.P. focuses on the current relevance) Ex. Our fax number has changed. We've just lowered our prices! 3) with time adverbs. (we use the Pr.P.Simple to say how long a situation that began in the past has lasted up to the moment of speaking). Ex. He's been vice-president for 10 years. She's always been a creative person. 4) talking about life experiences Ex. He's done many jobs in his time. He's sold encyclopedias, he's been a journalist, he's worked in a shoe factory and now he's a trade unionist. 5) with expressions referring to "time up now" Ex. Have you ever visited Beijing? (ever = at any previous time up to now) I've never seen the Niagara Falls. (never = at no previous time up to now) Hasn't she yet decided what to do next? (yet = until the present) We've had a good year so far ( so far = up until now) We've grown rapidly over the last few years ( = recent years up until now) 6) after "this is the first/second time" Ex. This is the first time we have (ever) received a complaint. It's only the second time we've met. 7) referring to a completed event in the future after "when", "as soon as", etc Ex. I'll leave as soon as I've finished (or As soon as I finish...) I'll phone you when I've received confirmation. Present Perfect Progressive. I/you/we/they have been working He/she/it has been working Have I/you/we/they been working? Has he/she/it been working? I/you/we/they have not been working He/she/it has not been working. USES 1) when we are talking about continuous activities (when the focus is on an extended period of time. the situation or activity started in the past and has been in progress for a period until now). Ex. Exports have been growing steadily over the past six months. Foreign earnings have been moving ahead to record levels. The above situations are incomplete; the present perfect Simple, on the other hand, tells us that the action has finished I've been reading your proposal She's been checking the calculations (Here the focus is on the activities) I've read your proposal. She's checked the calculations (Here the focus is on their completion) 2) talking about the effect of recent events "Why are your hands so dirty?" "I've been trying to repair my car all afternoon". 3) talking about repeated actions Compare: Have you seen my wife? (I'm looking for her) Have you been seeing my wife? (I suspect you're both having an affair).
September 30, 2012
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