*** You have to say, "What is the difference between these" ***
Does and Goes are completely different words.
'Does' is the third-person singular simple present form of 'do' ( to perform an action)
So you can use it as :
He does, she does etc.
But when you use the first or the second person or the third person plural, you use do :
You do, I do, they do
exactly similar is Goes. It is the third-person singular simple present form of 'go' ( to move to another place)
He goes, she goes
I go, you go, They go
:) Is this what you were asking ?
I do homework
She does her work
They do maths carefully
She goes to the market everyday
I go to his house
Why don't you go there ?
They go to the mountains every year