你惹得我火冒三丈(you not only make me angry, but make my anger burst.)
This might sound literal but we can understand it when you speak it out.
火冒三丈 is an idiom.
火is fire. 冒 is a verb often used when seed just grew out from the mud or fire, water and even someone just appeared somewhere.
三 means three.
丈 means ten feet high here.