I wonder how the third group of dogs quickly jumped over the fence and escaped? In 1967, a psychologist named Martin Seligman was researching clinical depression. In an experiment, Seligman placed dogs in three experimental groups. The dogs in the first group were given mild electric shocks, which they could turn off by pressing a panel. Dogs in the second group were given repeated electric shocks regardless of their actions. The third group of dogs received no electric shocks. All the dogs were later put in boxes where they were given electric shocks but from which they could easily escape by just jumping over a low fence. The dogs in the first group and the dogs in the third group quickly jumped over the fence and escaped. The dogs in the second group, who could not stop the electric shocks earlier, made no effort to escape. They simply lay down in the box while receiving the shocks. I wonder how the third group of dogs quickly jumped over the fence and escaped? They had not gotten out of the box because of the electric shocks. please help me understand it!
Mar 14, 2014 7:26 AM
Answers · 3
In the second phase of the experiment all three groups of dogs were subjected to electric shocks. The third group who had not previously experienced electric shocks, of course would try to get away from this unpleasant experience and quickly found a way as they only had to jump over a low fence. The point is that most creatures would naturally try and get away from unpleasant experiences unless they have been taught not to do so. The dogs in second group by contrast made no attempt to escape as their previous conditioning had 'taught' them that there was no escape from the shocks.
March 14, 2014
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