"What led you to become a teacher?" -- 한국말로 뭐예요?
I'd like to say both "Why did you decide to [do X]?" and "What led you to [do X]?"
The two questions are a little bit different:
"Why did you decide to (become a lawyer)?" = Why do you like your job? What are your reasons for choosing it?
But the person may not like his job or have any reasons, so it's common to ask instead:
"What led you to (become a housesitter)?" = What happened before you got your current job?
The person may say:
"Well, I used to be a lawyer, but I lost my job. After that I decided to become an artist, but I couldn't make any money as an artist. So I got a job as a waiter in a restaurant, and after a year the owner promoted me to manager. But I didn't like being a manager, and I didn't have any free time for my artwork, so I told my boss. Since he trusted me a lot, he offered me a job housesitting for him two weeks every month while he is out of town for business. However, I never imagined I would have this job."
Are these questions common in Korean culture?