food made of… (flavour / ingredients)
What’s the best/usual way to talk about what food is made of? As in ‘apple pie’, ‘lemon juice’, ‘cheese and ham sandwhich’ etc.)?
I’d thought it could be an iḍāfah construction that was either definite or indefinite according to context (e.g. فطيرة تفاح), but then I was pointed to iḍāfah constructions that are always definite despite of the context (e.g. فطيرة التفاح), which I assume is because of ingredients being collective nouns and/or because of their generic nature in such cases.
However, I’ve also seen similar constructions with بـ in a French-Arabic dictionary. I’d seen it used in e.g. ‘tea with mint’ = شاي بالنعناع, that is, with something added to something else, but when I saw فطيرة بالتفاح, I got puzzled.
Thanks in advance!