Living in an unsafe life seems to be an increasingly widespread problem these years and has aroused profound concerns of society and government. The proliferation of criminal acts has rendered many citizens apprehensive and fearful. There are some factors contributing to this issue. The focus of this essay is to illustrate the causes and explore some relevant and feasible measures to combat this situation. As a general, the circumstance is attributed to two major factors, poverty and expansion of urbanization. First, the poor people are lack of education, they have no opportunity to learn job skills, so that they have to chose to do some crimes such as theft and robbery, even murder, desperately. Besides, the serious social problems caused by urban sprawl, such as the rapid increase in population, traffic congestion, decreased social welfare, employment difficulties and as a result to bring about social unrest, rising crime rates, which are endanger social stability and safety. In addressing the situation, the government should take more responsibility to solve these problems. From the perspective of the government, a series of laws and regulations should by increasing investment in compulsory education. For example, the increase of free community education, on the one hand to improve the quality of the people, on the other hand, it can also increase employment opportunities. At the same time, the government should avoid the rapid development of urbanization, coordination of urban and rural resources balance. Such as, focus on the development of the open city of high-tech industrial zone. This can lead to the suburbs of the economy, but also to ease the urban traffic congestion, population density is too large, social welfare resources. To summarize, reduce the gap between rich and poor, and urbanization development rationalization Can make people feel more secure.