Wu Ting
How would you interpret “state Senator” and “group singing”? Mrs. A. E. Eberhard, president of the Women’s Group, presided. State Senator William Hannig led the group singing. The invocation was delivered by the Rev. Philip Goertz, pastor of the Second Presbyterian church, and the benediction was pronounced by the Rev. W. Carroll Thorn, of St. Luke’s Episcopal Church. How would you interpret “state Senator” and “group singing” in the second sentence? As for “state Senator”, does it mean Senator William Hannig was from their own state? As for “group singing”, does it mean they were singing the anthem? Or does it mean they were singing some song of the Republican Party, given that the Women’s club was a Republican organization? Thanks. And this excerpt is taken from The Lacuna by Kingsolver.
Jul 8, 2015 3:02 AM
Answers · 4
The United States really is a federal republic and the individual states have more autonomy than people sometimes realize. Every state government has its own legislative system, but most or all of them mimic the Federal legislative system, with two "houses," a senate and a body of "representatives" (which, confusingly, is often called "the legislature.") The novel is referring to an historical event, and--as I guessed--real names were used: http://politicalgraveyard.com/geo/WV/ofc/stsen1950s.html , "Members of the West Virginia State Senate: 1st District: William A. Hannig 1943-54." As one of perhaps 34 state senators, Hannig would have represented perhaps 100,000 constituents, and would be a "local dignitary" of perhaps the same importance as the mayor of Wheeling Hannig stood up and invited the group to sing together with him. As Gary says, it could have been a hymn, but I am thinking it was probably something patriotic. Personally, strictly a guess, I am imagining "My Country, 'Tis of Thee." I imagine about half of the attendees actually sung, mostly in unison, many quite badly, and there are always one or two show-off harmonizing. He was probably not a trained chorus director. He probably "led the group" by standing up and saying something like "And now, I ask you to join me in singing [whatever]," and then sang loudly, slowly, and waving his hands vaguely. The purpose of group singing is to involve an audience through participation, "warm them up" for the speech, and create a feeling of community.
July 8, 2015
Using that title means that Hannig was a State Senator, rather than a Federal Senator. He probably would be from that state, as it would be more common to say what state he was from, if it were another one. Group singing means that everyone in the group sings, as opposed to perhaps a choir singing. It is hard to know what they were singing - but given that there are church people involved, it is more likely that it would be a hymn.
July 8, 2015
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Wu Ting
Language Skills
Chinese (Mandarin), English, French
Learning Language
English