In English, we say 'Chinese person", not, 'a Chinese'. If someone said to me, "I met a Chinese", my immediate reaction would be to say, 'a Chinese what"
However - and no doubt, somewhat confusingly - this does not apply to all nationalities. So, you can meet an Australian (like me!), or an Indian, or an American, or a Canadian, or a German, an Austrian, a Brazilian or an Italian. But you meet a French person, a Spaniard, a Japanese person, a English person, a Scot........Is there any rhyme or reason to this? Not as far as I can see. This is just how we describe people of different nationalities - maybe someone else has a rational explanation. If in doubt, you can always say "a person from..........(insert name of country). Is it this complicated/inconsistent in other languages? I have no idea. Good luck.