"Live" is the better choice of verb that "be".
You lived in France in the past. This past time has finished. The past simple is the best choice of tense. You can say :
a) "I lived in France" or
b) "I used to live in France".
"I had lived in France" is wrong if it is a sentence without any context which relates this sentence to an event which started later than the start of the period of living in France.
"I have been to France" means that you have travelled there some time before now.
"I have been in France" means that you were physically present there some time before now.