Damien
火星とよむのです Hi everyone; In my learning book I have this sentence "火星とよむのです". I understand that it mean "it's written kasei" but I don't understand the use of "no" here. I did some search and I found "no" is to nominalize a verb. But why we need this ? "火星とよむです" is a good sentence ?
Feb 1, 2016 11:17 PM
Answers · 3
The use of のだ/のです at the end of a sentence or phrase functions as a signal to show that a conclusion is being made or a reason for something is being given. When used in a question too, it can be used to ask for a reason or explanation for what a person is doing. For example: どうしてパーティーに行かなかったのですか? Why didn't you go to the party? 忙しかったのです。 Because I was busy. のだ/のです can also be shortened to んだ/んです. Example: いつきたんですか? When did you come? (note: in this example んです is being used more for emphasis, which is also a way it can be used regularly) This is the best way I know how to explain it and how I understand it. I hope this clears it up.
February 2, 2016
A basic sentence should be 火星とよみます not 火星とよむです. 火星とよみます。⇒change ます-form to のだ/のです-form⇒火星とよむのです。 As Lee-san has explained, のだ/のです add some feeling to a sentence, appealing to a listener. In this case, with のです a talker is trying to make a listener realize what he/she doesn't. So, probably before this utterance, somebody misread 火星(かせい)and say like "ひぼし". Then, his teacher made a correction saying (ひぼしではありません。)かせいとよむのです.
February 2, 2016
Thank you both for your answers. It's clear now.
February 7, 2016
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Damien
Language Skills
Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Japanese, Spanish
Learning Language
Japanese