(A) "I think you are smoking too much, nowadays"
(B) "I think you smoke too much, nowadays"
--- (A): This implies the situation is temporary, perhaps "you" started smoking recently or are expected to stop soon?
--- (B): Simply stating a fact.
Compare: "I live with my mother. I've always lived with her and I always will." vs. "I'm living with my mother. I'll get my own apartment in a couple weeks, though."
NOTE: In this context, the difference is really small, and the sentences are interchangeable. You may also say "I think you've been smoking", which to me sounds a more natural.
A: "A trade agreement was signed, and this is being seen as a major breakthrough in diplomacy between the two countries."
B: "...this is seen/has been seen as a major breakthrough..."
--- (A) This sentence describes the current views being discussed at the moment. You might use (A) if you're discussing recent meetings, press conferences, interviews, etc. about the trade agreement, since there's such a strong emphasis on the present time.
--- (B) Neither of these tenses have as strong a reference to the present.
Present simple: quite neutral
Present perfect: emphasis that the trade agreement has had an effect on the present. Both are correct, but I prefer present perfect stylistically.
Consider: "What did you do?" vs. "What have you done?", the second sentence implies you did something really important (out of context like this, it looks like you have done something really bad!)
"The new phone is being dubbed as the iPhone killer."
“The new phone is dubbed as the iPhone killer.”
---Similar to the second pair of sentences - the first sentence talks about the attitudes of today/these days, the second sentence just states a fact.
I hope this helps, I'm not sure what was confusing about the passive voice in these sentences, perhaps I misunderstood your question?