In Dutch 'de' is a definite article, 'the', so the meaning is different from that of French 'de' ( meaning 'of' or 'from').
In the Netherlands surnames with 'de' are quite common, e.g. 'de Groot' ( meaning: the Great), originally an apposition to the first name (as in King Alfred the Great, he was a great king). Dutch names with 'de' often denote a colour, especially 'de Bruin' (the Brown), 'de Groen (the Green), de Wit (the White), de Zwart ( the Black) etc. In names denoting that a family is originally from a certain place we would use 'van' : Lucas van Leiden ( from the city of Leiden ), Kees van Hattem, Tom van Amsterdam etc. I don't think having any such name adds to your social status. In the Netherlands a double surname has a certain status as it suggests having anchestors belonging to nobility, e.g. J.W. Wolff van Deken.