When do you use 없이 and 없게? I had text my friend and said: 재미없이 봤어? and 넌 영화를 관심없이 봐. She didn't sound very confuse about "넌 영화를 관심없이 봐", but I had to explain "재미없이 봤어". Can you explain wether there's a difference or they're interchangeable? Also is "넌 영화를 관심없이 봐" correct? Please give me examples! 감사합니다^^
Feb 10, 2016 12:24 PM
Answers · 2
"넌 영화를 관심 없이 봐", "넌 영화를 관심 없게 봐" => both are fine, and interchangeable. Both ~게 and ~이 can make an adverb from an adjective. ~게 is the universal one. ~이 and its cousin ~히 appear in more limited cases, usually after ~하다 and some others. It often depends on the end form of the adjective whether the ~이/~히 adverb may be used or not. For example, ~없이 is widely used, but ~있이 for 있다 is not. Often times both ~게 and ~이/~히 exist for an adjective, usually with the same meaning. There is no simple rule as to when ~이/~히 form may or may not be used, so you must learn it ad hoc. Examples of different cases: - 크다(big)->크게, 푸르다(blue)->푸르게, 넓다(wide)->넓게: No ~이 form for these non-하다 adjectives. - 높다(high)->높게/높이.: Both ~게 and ~이 exist (exceptional). - 촘촘하다(dense) -> 촘촘히/촘촘하게; 엉성하다(loose) -> 엉성하게 only. - 딱딱하다(hard) -> 딱딱하게 only. - 물렁물렁하다(soft, mushy) -> 물렁물렁하게 only. - 급격하다(abrupt, precipitous) -> 급격하게/급격히. - 과격하다(violent) -> 과격하게. 과격히 is questionable (used in a very limited way). - 사랑스럽다(lovely) -> 사랑스럽게 / 사랑스레. (~스러이 is always shortened to ~스레). As you can see, there are all kinds of different cases, so we can't go by a simple rule about them.
February 10, 2016
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