"Why is English Important?" is the grammatically correct question.
In English, Question words can be used both at the start of a sentence and at the start of a question, depending on word order.
In the example you used,
Why (Q. word) English (subject) is (verb) Important (adjective). This is a correct for of a sentence as it follows the grammatical English sentence order (Subject-Verb-Object) but in this example the sentence has no object.
While the correct grammatical question form follows the order (verb-subject-object).
Hope this helps.