labor VS laborer
Please read this: In the 1960s, Korea experienced rapid industrialization. Although this meant that the economy developed at an incredible rate, it also intensified the gap between the haves and the have-nots. The laborers were forced to work for low pay, with long hours, under poor working conditions. Eventually, their growing complaints were expressed through many events.
Q: Dictionaries say that the word "labor" can mean all the people who work for a company or in a country. Then, can I say "The labor was forced to work ..." instead of "The laborers were ..." at the penultimate sentence? When should I say "labor" and when should I say "laborer"? Thank you!