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work in groups to make up your own fairy tale based on a familiar tale. why is "based" used here? why don't we choose "basing" instead of "based"?
Oct 13, 2016 2:24 PM
Answers · 2
The word 'based' refers to the the fairy tales, not to what you are being asked to do. The phrase '...a fairy tale based on..' is a reduced relative clause. The full form is '...a fairy tale which is based on..' . The verb form ' based on..' is in the passive voice, which is why we use the past participle. If you want to use the present participle to refer to what the people are asked to do while working in groups, you could say, for example: 'Work in groups to make up your own fairy tale, basing it on a familiar tale. ' I hope that makes sense.
October 13, 2016
Because the fairy tale the group are being asked to work from has already taken place. (I think that is the simplest explanation) Based on - be founded on or upon to be based on a particular idea, principle, fact, or quality. I hope it helped :)
October 13, 2016
Language Skills
Chinese (Mandarin), English
Learning Language