-The expression is still in common use, especially when you wanna end a conversation and express your intention indirectly to the other person.
-For example, you're getting tired of talking with your friend on the phone and need to get back to work, then you can say" 时间不早了 and I have to finish my work" or when you're working late at the office and wanna end it, then you speak to your partner " 时间不早了 so I need to go home. Let's continue tomorrow". You would sound more tactful and polite with this expression to suggest your leaving.
I hope it makes sense. If you have any more questions, let me know.