It comes from sewing.
Imagine that you got a piece of material and cut fabric pieces for sleeves and a collar and cuffs and a shirt front and back. And then you tried to make a pair of pants from those pieces. It wouldn't work very well because those pieces weren't cut out to be pants.
The speaker is saying that they were not cut out for domesticity (being around the house, doing things like cooking and cleaning, raising kids, entertaining at home, etc.) When they try to do domestic things, they fail at it or they just hate every second of it.
You can use the phrase "cut out for" to describe something you like and are good at and really enjoy ("I am perfectly cut out for this job!") or the opposite ("I am simply not cut out for hockey.")