translation from Chinese to into English
Efficiency is regarded as the advantage of market-based, while fairness is regarded as the advantage of government-based. As the western scholars oppose fairness and efficiency, the argument of market-based and government- based began. However, the opposition between efficiency and fairness only occurs when we take fairness as absolute fairness. For example, in order to increase productivity, we need to break the “the big rice bowl” system, which is absolute fairness. Efficiency is not contradicted with jumping-off point equity and rule fairness. To care for the poor is jumping-off equity. Without this, the efficiency would be pseudo efficiency, which is achieved at the price of the poor’s lives and health. At this point, it’s not wise to conduct the market-based medical reform.