Here are a few at random.
He's on a yellow card- been warned
red-carded = sent off
sent off for a second bookable offence = received 2 yellows then red-carded.
he was nutmegged- someone put the ball through his legs.
threw him a dummy- pretended to go one way then went the other , fooled him.
He leaves his foot in= he is strong in the tackle and doesn't back down.
put his foot through the ball= shot as hard as he could.
a case of ball to hand rather than hand to ball- the ref didn't give a penalty because the ball hit his hand he didn't try to touch the ball.
I expect you know all the positions and rules, striker, central defender, wing-back , goalkeeper.
foul, offside, free kick , penalty, etc