Hi emarbe, these shortened forms can be used in casual conversations, but most (not all) shortened forms are considered informal and should not be written in any formal documents.
Since English is always changing, new shortened forms of words show up constantly. A good example is the word "dis," which means "to insult" (for example: "I can dis you at any time simply by calling you a coward!"). It's shortened from "disrespect."
I hope I've at least partially answered your question. I know you said "for foreigners," but everyone struggles to pronounce English in different ways.