These verbs need an object and it is grammatically possible for a clause starting with "that" to be an object. However, with many verbs, and in many situations, it is not very natural or considered stylish. Sometimes, books simplify or simply state that a structure is wrong rather than unnatural, and there can be some debate on this.
I sometimes see, "I hate that.../ I love that ..." + situation in which a person does something always or usually e.g. I love that you take care of animals.
You can always say instead "I love THE FACT that...." and no one would ever have a problem with this.
I don't often see "like" or "enjoy" used in this way and it sounds strange to me.
It would be better to say, "I don't like THE FACT that he smokes here." or e.g. "I don't like him smoking here."
You can see a couple of uses of "don't like that" in real sentences here: https://fraze.it/n_search.jsp?q=don%27t+like+that&l=0
The fact that there are only two examples on the first page suggests that it is not a common construction.
The same database showed no relevant results for "enjoy that" and "don't enjoy that".
We use the dummy object "it" in this situation, "I love it when.... e.g. you buy me ice-cream. "it" is the frequent situation described after "when". Here, the "love" is for the situations.