Evan B
German verbs ending in -rn versus the normal -en. How do they differ? Such as, Ändern vs Besuchen.
Aug 15, 2018 11:20 PM
Answers · 3
I did not compare the entire conjugation tables, but as far as I can see, the only difference is the omitted -e- in the infinitive form and in the 1st and 3rd person plural: wir/sie ändern. I guess the reason for this is that these verbs already have an unstressed -e- right before the ending. So the -e- in the ending is dropped. The same also happens with verbs ending in -eln, like "lispeln" and "kuscheln"
August 16, 2018
I agree with Alexandre, it's due to the unstressed e in the verb stem. Dropping the e from the ending makes the word easier to pronounce. Even for a native speaker, trying to add the e into the ending for verbs like "ändern" or "lispeln" is not easy to pronounce. So even it the e was part of the ending originally, it was dropped over time for ease of pronunciation, which is now reflected in the spelling.
August 16, 2018
Still haven’t found your answers?
Write down your questions and let the native speakers help you!