What are the differences amongst these verbs: 'deem', 'regard', 'consider', 'judge'?
Is ''deem'' considered to be an archaic word?.
No, deem is not an archaic word. Deem means something has been considered and then a conclusion was made. For instance, "It was deemed appropriate for the employee to be suspended because of their bad attendance record." When I think of using the word "deem," it seems like it is always followed by the word "appropriate" in my mind. It was deemed appropriate for the lawyer to be found to be in contempt of court by the judge. The school's decision to expel the child for hitting other children even after being warned, was deemed to be an appropriate punishment.
The word "regard" has different meanings. You can say, "I hold you in high regard." That means I really respect you and think highly of you. You can also use it to refer to something. "Regarding the problem we're having with your child who continues to hit other children, even after being warned, we're afraid we must expel your child." "The essay you wrote regarding politics in America was really well-written."
Consider can be used in different ways, too. It can mean thinking about something. "I would never consider working for that company." "I'd like to consider your proposal before answering, so may I get back to you on Tuesday with my answer?" "Considering all that you have told me so far, I'm afraid I'm not interested in your business proposal."
Another example would be "Ducks are considered to be a type of bird." Either example refers to how you think about something.
"Judge" means you have made a conclusion about something. "He judged her based on her bad clothing without learning about her education." "I hate to make a judgment without all of the facts, but right now it seems like he is guilty." "Don't judge a book by it's cover." "Against my better judgment, I'm going to give you a second chance."