What does "to externalize failures but internalize success." mean? Could you help me out?
Self-handicapping is described as an action or choice which prevents a person from being responsible for failure. This behaviour allows individuals to externalize failures but internalize success. Self-handicapping can be seen as a method of preserving self-esteem, but it can also be used for self-enhancement. An example of self-handicapping is the student who spends the night before an important exam partying rather than studying. The student fears failing their exam and appearing incapable. In partying the night before their exam, the student has engaged in self-defeating behaviour and increased the likelihood of poor exam performance. However, in the event of failure, the student can offer fatigue and a headache, rather than lack of ability, as plausible explanations. Furthermore, should the student receive positive feedback about their exam, their achievement is enhanced by the fact that they succeeded, despite the handicap.