sequense of tenses ( again):) i am still confused about this subject. In my last question you were kind to explain to me that if a main clause is in the past we still can use present time in a subordinate clause. FE: Did you tell him that you are going to stop taking the course. I am studying english grammar from grammar books and they say that if a main clause is in the past we need to use only past tenses in a subordinate clause. FE : he said he loved her . According to the book it means that he still loves her but because the main clause is in the past we need to put verb "love" also in the past, right? or we can say he said he loves her???? ( sorry for my misundarstanding)
Oct 14, 2018 7:54 AM
Answers · 4
He said that he loved her: this is simply reporting what he said. Another way of saying the same thing is: He said "I love you". Here,.the speaking very clearly happened in the past, and it referred to love in that past time. This is the normal way of reporting speech, and probably what your grammar book is expecting. Unlike your previous question, which worked equally well in past and present, it's hard to imagine a valid use for 'love' in the present here, maybe "I just saw Fred hit Jean, but he SAID he loves her" - the focus is on the present, as I am contrasting his behaviour with the idea that he loves her. This is quite an advanced usage, probably above the level of your book. If you have to take an exam based on the rules in the book, learn them, you can worry about learning English for real once you've got your certificate :-)
October 14, 2018
Grammar in Use Intermediate by Murphy (Cambridge University Press) is a very good grammar book. It has two-page lessons which consist of a page of examples and a page of exercises. Some editions have the answers at the back.
October 14, 2018
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