Terry
What is the reason why the sentence appears in this context? [Second QUESTION] Some attempts at marshalling these include the World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators, and the Country Indicators for Foreign Policy Project at Carleton University, Canada. What is the reason why the sentence appears in this context? [Thrid question] It is also difficult to compare financial values in different currencies because of artificial exchange rates and differences in purchasing power. The sentence above explains one very basic problem for international data sets that many countries do not have reliable population figures. AND after that, the next sentence appears : It is also difficult to compare financial values in different currencies because of artificial exchange rates and differences in purchasing power. What is the logical connection?Typically science is seen as characterized by the testing of hypotheses through experiment. The experimental method is largely closed to political scientists since they do not possess the power to dictate to whole human societies how they should behave. In any case, experiments require identical control groups for comparison which, it is arguable, cannot be created. Some small-scale laboratory simulations of human power situations have been attempted with interesting results, but the applicability of the results of these to whole societies is disputable. Statistical manipulation of existing sets of data about human societies may be a partial substitute for experimental techniques, but it could be argued that few convincing data sets exist. Some attempts at marshalling these include the World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators, and the Country Indicators for Foreign Policy Project at Carleton University, Canada. One very basic problem for international data sets is that many countries do not have reliable population figures, for example Nigerian census figures have been politically contested because of their influence on the ethnic balance of power. It is also difficult to compare financial values in different currencies because of artificial exchange rates and differences in purchasing power.
Nov 8, 2018 10:55 PM
Answers · 2
No Question 1? Question 2: it states that there are few reliable data sets (bad problem), then mentions two attempts at assembling the available sets into a coherent form (possibly a solution, albeit partial), the logical flow is clear. Marshalling is an analogy from the railway industry: it is literally the process of pushing, pulling, ordering and connecting a disparate set of trucks to form a coherent train. Question 3: poor population data, artificial exchange rates and differing purchasing power do not seem to have a logical connection, they seem to be unrelated problems associated with the data being discussed. When considering the usefulness of a set of data, it is important to consider its weaknesses; these are inherent in the data, they are as we find them, and we shouldn't expect them to be logically related: if the data is messy, we should expect a messy list of them.
November 8, 2018
I'm not sure what you don't understand. The logical connections between the statements are all in the text.
November 8, 2018
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Terry
Language Skills
English, Korean
Learning Language
English