Can any one explain this sentence to me? It's about game of thrones. Thank you The screenwriter of game of thrones have tested their viewers' boundaries on numerous occations with gratuitous depictions of violence against women. THEY have been met at various turns with outrage that felt rightly expressed; until this series, the show was not known for delivering cathartic payoffs.

1. What does gratuitous depictions mean?

2. What does "They" refer to in the second sentence and what does the whole sentence mean?

3. What does cathartic payoffs mean here?

Thank you very much!

Jun 17, 2019 6:06 AM
Answers · 3
1. Gratuitous basically just means excessive. Depiction means visualization or portrayal. So it means the portrayals of excessive violence. 2. It refers to the gratuitous depictions. The second season means the over the top portrayals of violence made a lot of people mad and they were right to be mad about it. The show does not often have happy/feel good/soothing/pleasing endings. 3. Something is cathartic if it is soothing and pleasing and comforting. Some repetitive activities are said to be cathartic. Anything can be cathartic as long as it is relaxing or makes the person happier. Examples: Sewing was cathartic for the women. It helped her forget her troubles. Reading was cathartic for the child because it allowed him to escape the horrors of poverty. Shooting free throws is cathartic after a long practice. It almost evokes or gives the sense of healing the discomfort of somebody.
June 17, 2019
I agree with most of Cole's answer, but I find both his definition and his examples of "catharsis" extremely surprising. Catharsis does refer to something that relieves stress or negative emotions, but not in a pleasant/soothing way. A "catharsis" is, in itself, an intense emotional experience -- it's not likely to happen while you're sewing or reading (unless you have a very strong emotional reaction to the book). The idea of "catharsis" comes from the Greek philosopher Aristotle, who used the Greek word ("κάθαρσις") to refer to an act of emotional "purging" or "cleansing," specifically associated with watching tragedies. He believed tragedy was a valuable form of art because it allowed people to release their own sorrow and fear by responding emotionally to the terrible things that happened to the characters onstage. Today, we talk about experiencing "catharsis" by watching emotional films, listening to emotionally intense music, or talking about our own emotional experiences. Catharsis is usually somewhat traumatic while it's happening (often involving shock, fear, or sadness), but in theory, we will feel more calm and happy AFTER the catharsis. I have not seen Game of Thrones, but I believe that "cathartic payoffs," in this context, means some kind of positive and calming outcome FROM the extreme violence. In other words, we would expect a work of art to use extreme violence to create a cathartic experience for the viewers (the shock that they feel while they watch the show lets them release their emotions, so they feel more calm afterward, in real life). The writer seems to be saying that Game of Thrones has not previously been offering this expected catharsis. There has been a lot of violence, but the violence was meaningless and did not result in any positive "payoff" for the viewers.
June 17, 2019
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