1. . I cannot pronounce her name as you do. FINE - you can also use 'like you do', as Carla says.
2. He is a man and he turned into a woman through transsexual surgery: He was a man and he became a woman through gender reassignment surgery - Carla is right. Also he is a trans-woman should be enough [in theory]. He used to be a man but he became a woman through gender reassignment/he reassigned his gender. His birth gender was a man but he became a woman through gender reassignment. To be honest - the surgery is not important and often information about it is incorrect - many choose not to have surgery but to take different hormones and have cosmetic surgery.
3. The weather here is very bad in recent days, It has been raining here: The weather here HAS BEEN very bad in recent days, it has been raining here NONSTOP/EVERYDAY/IT HASN'T STOPPED RAINING FOR DAYS.
Tutor Zowee :)