Hi Evgeny, it's you again. You must be working hard on your English. OK let me try again.
a range of other measures that appear to be designed
a range of other measures that APPEARED to be designed （On second though, I'd say it's optional. Both APPEAR and APPEARED are acceptable.）
promised to seek a snap general election of MPs approved the legislation.
promised to seek a snap general election IF MPs APPROVE the legislation.
devastation caused by Hurricane Dorian in the Bahamas. And what the Prime Minister
devastation caused by Hurricane Dorian in the Bahamas IN what the Prime Minister
to leave the carrier afterward attracted scrutiny
to leave the carrier after IT HAD attracted scrutiny ( This one is hard, I don't have much confidence. It sounds like "after it w d" or something)
single use plastic and its packaging
single use plastic IN its packaging
40 times his days earnings
40 times his DAY'S earnings
BTW, next time please edit your text into separated paragraphs, i.e. one para for one piece of news, so it would be easier to read and check.