Do you mean the word pairs? In Chinese, we do have many word pairs. For example, 开 means 'to open', and 玩笑 is a noun, which means 'joke'. ‘开玩笑’ together means 'to make a joke' or 'kidding'. Another example, if you want to say you are interested in something, you have to use the verb '感’ with the noun 'interest', so it becomes '感兴趣'。
Hope this answers your question.