Elder and older both mean "advanced age," so I see where the confusion is. In the example phrase you have listed, elder and older would be able to fit interchangeably.
A key difference is that elder is used only with people while older can be used for anything (animals, objects, etc.)
Ex: "The building is getting older."
You can't convert this to "the building is getting elder."
Elder is viewed as a more polite, formal way to say old, generally. Someone who is very old and wise would be called an elder. On that note, elder can be used as a noun while older can't. Also, elder can't be used to compare things like older can.
Ex: She is an elder.
You can't convert this to "she is an older."
Ex: She is older than him.
You can't convert this to "she is elder than him."
If you have any other specific sentences/phrases you'd want to review about the usage of older vs. elder I'd be happy to help. This is just a quick explanation.