That’s a really good question. I think when you are a beginner, you most likely will have to use the dictionary. However, when you have got your basics down, you can switch to a thesaurus or an English dictionary without any explanations in your mother tongue. I think my other advice would be to learn through listening to online videos and movies. You will also learn a lot from conversations with native speakers (or someone who is proficient). They will be able to explain the meaning of words in simpler words that you already know. Depending what time of a learner you are, you might want to also write things down.
I started learning English when I was 15.5 and went to study linguistics when I was 16 and graduated with a bachelors degree in 2010. There is nothing impossible! You just have to start somewhere and carefully pick the content of your lessons. Don’t try to jump ahead of yourself :)